In early 2011 the Syrian public started protesting against the Basahar AL Assad’s administration demanding the democratic and economic reforms. The protests were a response of Arab spring spreading into the Syria from neighbouring Middle Eastern and North African countries. By the end of March 2011 the Syrian government started using violent tactics against the protesters, converting those peaceful protesters into a rebel force. Thousand of defected soldiers from Syrian army joined the rebel forces and established FSA( free Syrian Army) . The rebel forces are backed by western powers like U.S.A and U.K and Arab countries like Qatar and Saudia Arabia, whereas the Syrian army is supported by Iran and Russia which could result in Syrian army using chemical weapons against the FSA and Syrian public. So far there are more 120,000 deaths since the civil war started, millions are fleeing into neighbouring countries like Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon. The FSA and other rebel forces want Syria free of Assad’s regime and economic ,racial and sectarian discrimination, which if happens going to take so many lives and sacrifices.(SYRIAN CIVIL WAR WIKIPEDIA) (A GUIDE TO CONFLICT IN SYRIA BBC WEB PAGE).
On 25th of January 2011 public protests and demonstrations started in Cairo Egypt against the government of Housni Mubarik resulted in famous Egyptian Revolution , there were so many causes of the civil disobedience but the few main ones were unemployment, inflation, lower wages, electoral corruption, censorship in media and police brutality. Egyptians were so fed up of the Mubarik regime that they founded the Muslim Brother hood and wanted him out of presidency , to oppose that Mubarik used police force to push the revolution down by power which resulted in about 850 people killed but he was unsuccessful in oppressing the public and was imprisoned for life after being trailed in the court. Then the new president Morsi was deposed by a coup led by ministry of defence, now the Chief Justice of the Constitutional Court, Adly Monsor, is the interim Head of State until new presidential elections, who is imprisoning the main personalities who were responsible of protest, uprising and awakening of the public through social media, under the law of illegal protest so it seems like that three year protest and revolution for equality , dignity and human rights seems further away than ever.(AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL CNN REPORT) (EGYPTIAN REVOLUTION WIKIPEDIA).
On line activism and social media played a big role in Egyptian revolution and Syrian uprising. In the case of Egypt the Facebook group started which later had 325,000 members who were informed by bloggers and citizen journalists, through Facebook ,Twitter, Flickr, Blogs and other new media tools about the location and times of protests and demonstrations and the dates of strikes as well. (EGYPTIAN REVOLUTION WIKIPEDIA).
Where as in Syria the rebel soldiers mounted the camera on an AK47 so that we could get an actual experience and perspective of the civil war. The civil war in Syria could be considered the first social media war. Across youtube, facebook,twitter, blog post, and other forums and chat rooms, both sides are waging propaganda offensives. ( DAILY DOT.COM SYRIAN CIVIL SOCIAL MEDIA WAR).