Sousveillance

The term “sousveillance” means the recording of an activity by a participant in the activity  typically by way of small wearable or portable personal technologies. It has also been described as the inverse surveillance. In other words sousveillance is the watchful vigilance from underneath. The large scale availability of portable recording cameras  of every kind and range has made the sousveillance very easy for almost everyone. Sousveillance has so many benefits, like someone can record an event and could be a strong witness of an incident by recording and saving the file in their device, the good example of the recent sousveillance is seen in African country of Ghana where  its citizens has been credited with addressing many problems such as election fraud or electoral misdeeds, where mobile phones were used for checking malpractices and intimidation during elections. (WIKIPEDIA)

Sousveillance also has other implications like it can also be easily misused. Lets say if someone upload their picture on the Facebook and that particular person has hundreds of friends, and the picture that is posted by that person is liked by at least half of his friends then this means that the photo can be seen as a liked item by all the friends, further on his friends have, who are totally strangers to each other. So I think if someone posts his/her picture than they are making it a lot easier for some random stranger to access it and may be misuse it .

Wearable technology such as Google glass which is a wearable computer with an optical head mounted display (OHMD),  will definitely increase the trend of sousveillance and will take it to the next level around the world. With the Google glass the people who do not feel comfortable with taking their phones or cameras out will only be wearing those glasses while doing  sousveillance. It is criticized as well because many think and are afraid that the Google glass will cause the intrusion of privacy, and the etiquette and ethics of using the device in public and recording people without their permission. There is controversy that Google Glass would violate privacy rights due to security problems. (WIKI GOOGLE GLASS)

SOURCES:-

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Glass.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sousveillance.

Globalzation

Globalization is the process of integration across world arising from the interchange of views, products, ideas and other aspects of culture. Advances in transportation and telecommunications infrastructure, including the rise of the internet, are major factors in globalization, further interdependence of economic and cultural activities. People around the globe are more connected to each other then ever before. Information and money flow more quickly than ever. Goods and services produced in one part of the world are increasingly available in all parts of the world. Globalization is an economic tidal wave that is sweeping over the world. It can’t be stopped, and there will be winners and losers. (WIKIPEDIA)

There are so many advantages of Globalization , like now there is a worldwide market for companies and consumers to access products from different countries. There is a world power that is being created gradually, instead of compartmentalized power sectors. Politics are merging and decisions that are being made are actually beneficial for people all over the world. There is more influx of information between two countries. But most of all it promotes global economic growth, creates jobs, makes companies more competitive, and lowers prices for consumers. It also provides poor countries, through infusions of foreign capital and technology, with the chance to develop economically and by spreading prosperity creates the conditions in which democracy and respect for human rights may flourish.  (ARTICLE FROM MANUFACTURING.NET)

Along with the benefits there are also draw backs of the globalization, like it has made the rich richer while making the non rich poorer. It is wonderful for managers and investors, but not very beneficiary to poor. Multinational corporations which were previously restricted to commercial activities are increasingly influencing political decisions. Many think there is a threat of corporations ruling the world because they are gaining power due to globalization. Many opponents of globalization say that globalization makes it easier for rich companies to act with less accountability.  If we see the affects of globalization on U.S.A, it clearly shows that the America is on top of list of the countries who had countless benefits science the world has squeeze down to a global village. But as America has also been outsourcing for last few decades, it has many negative affects on the American economy specially the American Middle class. Since 1980, American manufacturing has lost some 6 million jobs and has shrunk from a high of 29 percent of the GDP in 1950 to 11 percent of the GDP today. This has happened because manufacturing work is outsourced to developing nations like China where wages and the cost of manufacturing goods are lower. Federal government should come up with a law, which should restrict  too much of the job drainage in the form of outsourcing by private firms to the third world developing countries. (ARTICLE FROM MANUFACTURING .NET)

SOURCES :-

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Globalization

http://www.manufacturing.net/articles/2010/06/the-pros-and-cons-of-globalization

DIGITAL SECURITY

Every day digital technology is generating new possibilities to work and play, to transact and interact. As more digital devices get connected they can help us access a range of services including communications and payments. The benefits of these digital services are many, as these transactions and other digital communications are very fast and efficient . But there are also many security concerns regarding the digital technology. Potentially, there are risks for individual identities as well as personal and corporate information. (GEMALTO)

There were so many incidents in the recent past where the servers of the different organizations specially the retail firms were breached by cyber criminals and the personal information and data worth millions was stolen and misused by the criminals. In the case of such an incident its the responsibility of the organization to inform the public and consumers and compensate them as well. They should do it  because if public trust them and pay them to handle their data and information then it is public’s right to be informed of any incident. Just like the bank, if the banks gets robbed than they do inform the customers and try to compensate them as well.  That is why as a customers we have right to know if our private information has been accessed.

After the Heart Bleed and  a software flaw that has left up to two-thirds of the world’s websites vulnerable to attack by hackers, of course I am very less likely to shop on line. Who would let other people have their secret and private information no one! On top of that it is hard now to trust the big organizations that they will inform the public about the compromised information. I would change my opinion only in one case that the  companies get a real good digital security system and suppose if still they get breached then they should compensate the affected people. (ECONOMIST.COM)

SOURCES:-

http://www.economist.com/news/business/21600691-flaw-popular-internet-security-software-could-have-serious-consequences-all-sorts

https://www.gemalto.com/companyinfo/digital_security_markets.html

ILLEGAL DOWNLOADING

When a user download something for free which is not uploaded for free download by the owner, then the user is involved in the act of illegal downloading. Lets assume that a rap artist who was producing records before the whole World Wide Web boom was making way more money by selling millions of records as compared to the present times when millions of consumers are downloading the records of the same artist illegally from torrents, Mp3skul, or simply just ripping them off the  you tube. So I think illegal downloading which is also known as file sharing is not a Victimless crime, and the biggest victims are the music artists, as they have lost billions of dollars in total. But the number of people downloading free music is way more than the number of customers that were buying records before the this file sharing trend, so  lets say if we some how become able to put a stop on the illegal downloading , still I do not think so that all these users will go and buy the same amount of music they are downloading right now and the artist still  will be making almost the same amount of cash, as right now they are making more on live music shows, music videos, or other T.V. shows. So the question is that where is all that money going which consumers specially the young ones are saving from the music and movies? the reports have shown that sales of game consoles and game discs have increased in billions as compared to the past, the same thing with the DVD sales but DVD rentals have decreased a lot. (THEGUARDIAN.COM’S BLOG ABOUT DOWNLOAD PIRACY).

The difference between illegal downloading and stealing is debatable, some people say that they both are  same thing , but some say that illegal downloading is not stealing.  Lets see some of the views regarding the case where people have thoughts of illegal downloading  not a theft,  according to Stuart P. Green a Rutgers Law School  professor and expert on theft law copyright, infringement isn’t really “stealing” at all. Mr. Green says that in order to actually “steal” something, you must deprive the owner of whatever that thing is. If you take a person’s bicycle, then you have it, and person does not. So if you download a song off The Pirate Bay, you’ve simply made a copy now there are two bicycles. (Or thousands or millions.) But on the other hand people argue that a song is some one’s intellectual property so you cannot make a copy of it without the owner’s permission.  According to the copy rights law it is illegal to upload some one’s property without his/her permission, so is to download it. (DIGITAL TREND’S BLOG ABOUT ILLEGAL FILE SHARING).

SOURCES

http://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2009/jun/09/games-dvd-music-downloads-piracy

Illegal file sharing isn’t ‘stealing’: Here’s why

MOOCs

A Massive Open Online Course is a course provided on web which has open access and unlimited participation. MOOCs are game changers for higher education, large scale availability, low cost to students and the questions raised  by the students, all create a momentum to new pathways for education. MOOCs may not be an end game but it certainly has got a lot of us in the game . It indicates that how important it is for people to connect with each other  as a part of their learning experience .The common theme about  MOOCs is connectedness. I think it can work really good because now a days it is not about getting only the information but also about connecting the with each other while getting it. As most of the students using  MOOCs are not enrolled in any college, it shows that, lots of people are taking it just for personal enrichment. So it is very  convenient for students of any kind of age groups and working background. So in a way it has connected higher education workplace and life long learning.(EDUCAUSE LIBRARY WEB PAGE). On the other hand even though you can share any kind of information or a problem using  MOOCs but is it nothing like a conventional class room where physical presence and face to face communication make difficult  things very easier.

 Stanford artificial-intelligence professor Sebastian Thrun, expressed grand hopes when he co-founded Udacity. Thrun saw MOOCs as the start of a teaching revolution where the world’s best professors would run interactive on line classes that would reach hundreds of thousands of students around the world. To attract students, Thrun wanted the earliest classes to be offered for free. He said that Udacity  would break down economic, geographic, racial and gender barriers to higher education. He also said that, he saw on line courses as more effective than traditional classroom lecture classes. But recently Thrun himself said that the MOOCs are not effective for undergraduate studies after all.  Around the world, the study found, it was the economic elite who were taking  MOOCs. In Brazil, China and South Africa, 80% of MOOC  students came from the richest 6% of the population. Of course MOOC students need to have access to computers with fast Internet connections, which automatically throws up a bar to the poor. When some one asked him recently about the future of Udacity in next five years this is what he said “the thing I’m insanely proud of right now is I think we’ve found the magic formula, had you asked me three months ago, I wouldn’t have said that. I’m not at the point where everything is great. There are a lot of things to be improved, a lot of mistakes we’re making, but I see it coming together.” (ON LINE  LEARNING INSIGHTS :- BLOG ABOUT OPEN AND ON LINE EDUCATION,   FROBES ARTICLE BY SUSAN ADAMS)

REFERENCES:-

http://www.educause.edu/library/massive-open-online-course-mooc

http://www.forbes.com/sites/susanadams/2013/12/11/are-moocs-really-a-failure/

http://onlinelearninginsights.wordpress.com/2013/11/18/sebastian-thrun-moocs-not-effective-for-undergraduate-education-after-all/